Bleaching hair and hair extensions is everything but easy, especially when you’ve got dark hair and decide to dye them blonde, the first option that you probably think of is bleaching. What some people don’t know is that bleaching is a little bit like playing with fire – you could get burned and trust me, it would hurt.
How could bleaching hair go wrong?
Since bleaching hair is really applying chemicals onto your hair, there’s quite a lot that can and will go wrong if you’re not aware of them.
Frying hair with bleach
Have you heard the term “fried hair”? It means your hair will look very split, frizzy and generally like an absolute mess. There’s a few ways to fix it – cutting them off would be one of them, but generally that’s the most dreadful thing for us.
Orange hair after bleaching
When you bleach your hair from dark to light tone, the roots of your hair will most likely be platinum blonde, while the rest of your hair is in a strange shade of orange.
Over bleaching hair
When you leave the bleach in for longer than recommended, you will over bleach your hair. This means your hair can become less elastic and whenever you get them wet, it will feel like soaking wet noodles, or the texture of bubblegum. I am not joking, this is really what happens if you damage your hair too much. Sadly, there really is no point of return for this. Cut it off, or then tie it up and let it repair itself over the span of months.
Silver shampoo and toning
While the both of them remove the orange tone,there’a a great chance that it can dye your hair purple by accident.
How to bleach hair the right way
Before you apply any chemicals or bleach onto your hair, you can also check out these options that could turn out to be a suitable way for you to prevent your hair from being fried during the bleaching process. Some of them can also improve the outcome of your bleach-job.
Color removing kits
You might find this very helpful if you’ve dyed your hair dark beforehand, and are trying to turn them light again. A color remover removes molecules of artificial pigment from the core of your hair and this is all it does. Here’s a few ways to make your color remover take more effect:
- do not use any dry shampoos
- do not use the coconut oil treatments
- do not dye or use another kit within 2 weeks of removing the color from your hair (you might need a bit longer even, depends on the instructions that come with the product)
On the picture above, image #1, #2 and #3 the color remover will not take any effect what so ever. It will not work on natural hair, bleached hair nor semi-permanent dyed hair; the color remover removes pigments that have applied trough dyeing.
Coconut oil treatment
The absolute best thing you could be doing to your hair before any bleaching is a coconut treatment. Take about a spoonful of the oil, heat it up so it becomes liquid (but not too hot so it burns your skin), and apply it onto your hair when they’re dry. Start with the scalp and move downwards, let it be in your hair for about 20-60 minutes – or overnight if you wish, it will not damage your hair.
After that make sure you wash it out and enjoy the beautiful soft, silky hair you have! This is the most ideal treatment before bleaching, because it locks a great amount of moisture into your hair and prepares your hair for the upcoming damage from the bleach. By doing this you will reduce the bleaching damage.
You can read more about the coconut oil treatment right here on Hair-Bun.
Choosing the correct volume of developer
A lot of people choose to use a separate developer for bleaching their hair, not the developer that comes in those little dyeing kits that any store sells. The biggest issue with this is that on many cases they choose the incorrect volume developer.
- 10 Volume developer – It offers no lifting to the hair’s color level. Instead, it opens the cuticle to allow the deposit of the desired color.
- 20 Volume developer – This will lift the hair level by one to two shades and it’s good for hair color that is one or two levels lighter than the natural color.
- 30 Volume developer – This will lift the hair level by two to three shades and allows you to change your hair color to a s much as three shades lighter.
- 40 Volume developer – This is used to lift color of the hair 3-4 different levels, usually with bleach.
How to bleach your hair
Section your hair
This is incredibly important, and widely disregarded. By doing a good sectioning job before starting, you can ensure that the color reaches every part equally. If you decide to go for the same approach as most of the internet videos do – apply the bleaching mix as a shampoo – then you will have yellow spots, dark orange spots and extremely light platinum blonde spots in your hair. It doesn’t look that good. Section your hair by sides, top sections and bottom sections. It takes a little bit more time, but you can be sure that it won’t turn up to be that horrible.
Use a toner
Doing this after bleaching removes any tones you don’t like from level 8 or above. The most known toner is the violet/purple toner, meant for the orange-yellow-blonde hair. It is a bit like the silver shampoo, but they are not the same thing, not even close. It’s not a necessary step to take, but it’s optional. To get the best result you can use it in the dye itself, just mix a bit into the bleach mix. If you use the dye option, you’re ruling out turning your hair purple/blue by accident.
Keep distance from the roots
You need to keep the bleach away from your scalp and roots of the hair at first. Out of habit you would start applying the bleach onto the roots and move down towards the ends, but this is wrong. Your roots will look literally white, while the rest of the hair is dark. When you keep about 0.5 in distance from the roots, the bleach will find it’s way down there by itself. If you don’t trust this, then once you finish, apply the last of the bleach onto the roots by yourself.
Wearing a plastic cap
Keeping the hair warm when you have the bleach on is important – it helps the bleach to work its magic better. Put a plastic cap, or a smaller plastic bag over them, then a towel and let the bleach work. But please follow the time limit that you’re allowed to keep the bleach on. It will kill the elastic in your hair otherwise and they will feel like wet noodles, not to mention break and fall out if you over-do it.
How long to keep bleach on hair
Dark blonde hair – 15-30 minutes maximum
Light brown hair – 25-35 minutes maximum
Medium brown hair – 30-45 minutes maximum
Dark brown hair – 45-60 minutes maximum
Also, if your hair feel hot while you’re bleaching, or if there’s any burning, itching or redness – TAKE THE COLOR OFF. The chemicals can cause a bad allergic reaction, but even worse the chemicals in the bleach can actually catch fire, while on your head.
Washing hair after bleaching
Rinse well, use a conditioner and preferably colder water. The bleaching will take a lot out of your hair, turning them dry, so it’s important for you to try keep the moisture in your hair. Coconut oil treatment would be the greatest thing to do, again.
When you decide to keep the orange tones in your hair, it’s good to use a silver shampoo. This doesn’t damage your hair, but removes the orange. Also, if you use it frequently then it will turn your hair in a shade of silver, just like the name says.
Caring for your hair after bleaching
As said before, bleaching damages your hair quite a lot. Try to avoid any forms of styling, and give your hair resting days – meaning no styling, no products, just tied in a bun and away from all harm. When you use heat to style them, use a heat protection spray before applying the heat. Also make sure to pick the lowest heat level to reduce any risks of causing unnecessary damage.
Consider losing argan oils in your hair as well, as it does help your hair become healthy again.
Before you decide to dye again, wait 3-4 weeks before you do it. By putting this much space between bleaching your hair, you’re giving your hair the valuable time to recover and prepare for the next turn. I’m aware this is incredibly difficult to do, as walking around with orange hair isn’t that fun, but you will be so, so much happier when you do wait before doing it again.
If you need help to do this, check the internet for “bleaching damage” videos. There’s a whole lot of girls out there who are regretting every second of the too frequent bleaching. They also give a full overview of what they did wrong, and how terrible this made them feel. This helped me personally to stick it out and wait, before bleaching again.
Other than that, I hope you enjoy your new beautiful blonde hair! – Hair-Bun.